Palazzo Re Enzo
Piazza del Nettuno, 1
40124 BOLOGNA (Italy)
1200 the Municipality of Bologna expropriated several houses and churches in order to create today's Piazza Maggiore, thus laying the foundation for the first compound of palaces specifically built for public administrative functions: Palazzo del Podestà, di Re Enzo e del Capitano del Popolo.
Palazzo Re Enzo was built between 1244-46 (when also Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo was raised as an extension of the Municipal buildings. The palace was also known as 'new palace' to differentiate it from Palazzo del Podestà. Just three years later the palace became the 'residence' of the King taken prisoner in the battle of Fossalta: Re Enzo from Sardinia, son of Federico II. The king would spend here the next 23 years, until his death in 1272 (several legends were reported around his mytical figure).
On the ground floor the war equipment of the army and the Carroccio were kept and stored, while a covered staircase lead to the first floor portico where town meetings once took place. The Sala del Trecento, made by Antonio di Vincenzo in 1386, was later used as municipal archive, while the last floor underwent a thorough renovation in 1771 by G. G. Dotti. The restoration carried out in 1905 by Alfonso Rubbiani was also quite significant as his purpose was to restore the Gothic outlook of the building: he had the crenellation, the ground-floor arches and the 15th century staircase rebuilt. On the right-hand of the palace the entry to the Chapel of Santa Maria dei Carcerati can be found: there, people sentenced to death used to go and pray.
HOW TO REACH
Palazzo Re Enzo can be reached very easily as it is located just 500 metres from Bologna Centrale, the city’s main train station, 13 km from Guglielmo Marconi airport and 3 km from Bologna’s motorway exit.
“Guglielmo Marconi” international airport is well connected with Italian, European and Extra-European destinations. The airport is connected to Bologna’s city centre thanks to the AEROBUS BLQ shuttle service, which runs 7 days a week.
For further information, visit: www.bologna-airport.it.
Bologna can be easily reached from many Italian cities, as its ring road connects the country's major motorways. Palazzo Re Enzo is located 3 km from Bologna’s motorway exit (Motorways A1, A13, A14). As it is located in the city centre, which is a Restricted Traffic Zone, we recommend parking your car in one of the several car parks nearby.
Bologna’s central station is one of the main railway connecting hubs on a domestic and European level and it is located just 500 metres from Palazzo Re Enzo. Thanks to high-speed trains, you can reach Bologna’s central station in just half an hour from Florence, 1 hour from Milan, 1 and a half hours from Venice, 2 and a half hours from Rome and 3 and a half hours from Naples.
Palazzo Re Enzo can be reached using Tper lines at local rates. For further information on bus lines and times: www.tper.it